Commonwealth of Australia Copyright Regulations 1969 Warning

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Professional Accreditation Guidelines Australia and New Zealand


Copyright owners are entitled to take legal action against persons who infringe their copyright. A reproduction of material that is protected by copyright may be a copyright infringement. Certain dealings with copyright will not constitute an infringement, including a reproduction:

  • that is a fair dealing under the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act), including a fair dealing for the purposes of research or study; or a reproduction that is authorised by the copyright owner. It is a fair dealing to make a reproduction for the purposes; and
  • of research or study, of one or more articles on the same subject in a periodical publication, or, in the case of any other work, of a reasonable portion of a work.

In the case of a published work in hardcopy form that is not less than 10 pages and is not an artistic work, 10 per cent of the number of pages, or one chapter, is a reasonable portion.

In the case of a published work in electronic form only, a reasonable portion is not more than, in the aggregate, 10 per cent of the number of words in the work.

More extensive reproduction may constitute fair dealing. To determine whether it does, it is necessary to have regard to the criteria set out in subsection 40(2) of the Act.

A court may impose penalties and award damages in relation to offences and infringements relating to copyright material.

Higher penalties may apply, and higher damages may be awarded, for offences and infringements involving the conversion of material into digital or electronic form.

Copyright 2015 CPA Australia Ltd ABN 64 008 392 452 and Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand ABN 50 084 642 571 All rights reserved.

Subject to the Commonwealth of Australia’s copyright in certain materials encompassed in this publication, copyright in all content is either owned by or used under licence by CPA Australia Ltd and Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand.

Except under the conditions described in the Copyright Act 1968 of Australia and subsequent amendments, or similar applicable laws outside Australia, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner(s).

Requests to reproduce any part of this publication other than the actual legislative provisions should be directed to the Professional Bodies at [email protected] and [email protected].